Wednesday, August 26, 2020

Relationship of Race and Ethnicity Essay

Previous President Jimmy Carter once stated, â€Å"We have become not a mixture but rather an excellent mosaic. Various individuals, various convictions, various desires, various expectations, diverse dreams† (â€Å"iCelebrateDiversity. com†). The United States has become a nation of migrants loaded up with various convictions, societies, religions, and legacies. In this manner, there is a various ethnic populace among the individuals of America. Hypotheses try to clarify why ethnic differentiations are made in any case, why some ethnic gatherings oppress others†¦, why partiality exists, why some ethnic gatherings stay recognizable, and why others soften into the prevailing society. A wide range of hypotheses exist concerning ethnic relations (Aguirre and Turner 32). My racial and ethnic character originates from what these hypotheses or hypothetical points of view need to state. There are two hypotheses that identify with my racial and ethnic character. The first is known as the osmosis hypothesis. Milton Gordon (1964) accentuates, it is to â€Å"the working class social examples of †¦ white, Anglo-Saxon† culture that foreigners to the United States have needed to adjust (Aguirre and Turner 33). What he is stating was that each ethnic gathering that has moved to the United States has needed to change their traditions and approaches to adjust to the white, Anglo-Saxon culture. There are various degrees in which the distinctive ethnic subpopulations needed to gain ground in acclimating to the Anglo-Saxon culture. Social osmosis happens when the qualities, convictions, authoritative opinions, philosophies, language, and different frameworks of images of the prevailing society are received (Aguirre and Turner 33). All the ethnic gatherings have been socially absorbed to the Anglo-Saxon culture. Alongside social absorption comes basic digestion. Auxiliary digestion happens when transient ethnic gatherings become individuals from the essential gatherings inside prevailing ethnic subpopulations like their families, dear companions, inner circles inside clubs, and gatherings inside associations (Aguirre and Turner 33). It is more earnestly to achieve auxiliary absorption than social digestion since it includes access into cooperating and connecting with the prevailing ethnic gatherings. Individuals from ethnic gatherings may need increasingly essential and individual associations with individuals from prevailing ethnic gatherings in any event, when they enter progressively optional and formal structures like schools, work environments, and political fields. The social personality hypothesis, otherwise called the mental hypothesis, is the most conspicuous mental way to deal with ethnic relations. One degree of the mental hypothesis, called the job personality, is the character that every individual has of themselves in specific jobs like being a dad, mother, specialist, understudy, etc. The second degree of personality is self-origination and includes feelings, perceptions, and assessments that individuals make of their â€Å"whole self. † A third level, and the one generally pertinent to ethnic connection, is social character and it rises when individuals consider themselves to be individuals from a social class opposite other social classifications (Aguirre and Turner 37). For instance, one sort of social character is being male or female or being African American or Latino. When social characters are shaped, they take on their very own existence. People are naturally introduced to families whose individuals convey these personalities, with the outcome that the youthful are associated in to the model of convictions, standards, and practices proper to this character (Aguirre and Turner 38). Socialization moves past the family to companions and associations in the event that they have a high pace of contribution with non-relatives who hold this equivalent character. The race of my family is Asian and the ethnicity is Vietnamese. Since I am the original of my family in the United States, I would be Asian-American. These speculations I have discussed clarify a great deal about what my racial and ethnic character is. The osmosis hypothesis discusses being consumed into the white collar class Anglo-Saxon culture. I imagine that my family has done well into embracing and blending the Anglo-Saxon culture with our own Vietnamese culture. I was brought up in a working class rustic region where the populace is intensely loaded up with white Anglo-Saxon individuals. I went to review, center, and secondary school where everybody around me was white and I was the main or among a couple of Asian understudies. To coexist with the general public around us, my family and I needed to switch up certain traditions and convictions so as to relate appropriately with the white Anglo-Saxon individuals. A few changes my folks have made was figuring out how to talk and compose English, figuring out how to prepare and eat American food, and figuring out how to live and impart openly since Vietnam has numerous limitations. I have been lucky to have a wide scope of various companions and had the option to join sports groups and clubs during school. The mental hypothesis has made personalities that make me one of a kind from the individuals around me. Some job personalities that make me who I am are being an understudy, child, sibling, cousin, companion, and specialist. Some self-origination jobs I have achieved are being thankful for what I have before me, being liberal and chivalrous to other people, having great habits, and going to bat for myself when I’m slighted. My social personalities incorporate being male, Asian-American, Vietnamese, Pennsylvanian, and Catholic. The mental hypothesis has helped me figure out who I am and where I have a place. It likewise has educated me that being Asian has made me take a gander at both the distinctions and likenesses between the Asian and Anglo-Saxon societies. Taking everything into account, these speculations have truly helped me comprehend my racial and ethnic foundation range. They have permitted me to perceive how my family and I changed to the American lifestyle. Since I’m Asian-American, I can have the best of the two universes: the Asian music and food and the American method of living and opportunity. I am exceptionally lucky to be living in a nation with such a large number of various individuals with various foundations, convictions, and custom. Works Cited Aguirre, Jr. , Adalberto, and Jonathan H. Turner. American Ethnicity: The Dynamics and Consequences of Discrimination. 6th. New York: McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. , 2009. Print. â€Å"Diversity Quotes. † iCelebrateDiversity. com. Web. 2 Oct 2009. <https://www. icelebratediversity. com/CorporateDiversity/diversity_quotes. htm>.

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Make by your self Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words

Make by your self - Essay Example It is the central normal and wrapping type of collective impact. Mutual brain science researches in congruity will in general separate connecting two assortments: instructive customariness in addition to regularizing similarity. On account of friend pressure, a person is convinced to do mind blowing things, for example, ill-conceived drugs, which they may not want to do; be that as it may, which they see as fundamental to keep a hopeful relationship with different residents, for example, their partners. Congruity from peer requests for the most part results from acknowledgment inside the bunch individuals, or from similarity of some partner to assuage others. Similarity is now and again in appearance just straightforwardly seeming, by all accounts, to be regular or it may be an all out congruity that changes an individual both in broad daylight and secretly. Consistence demonstrates an open customariness to assemble prevalence or standard while the individual proceeds to privately contrast or difference, contributing on to their inventive convictions or a choice allowance of faith based expectations clashing from the dominance. An elective portrayal is in verbal correspondence of a connectionist arrange speaking to the correspondence of two psychological nostalgic handling plans, speaking to the two people that include the dyad. People are portrayed as social creatures for the explanation that in each element of life they live together, they structure an assorted variety of gatherings notwithstanding improve relations with one another. Correspondence with others is a standard consequence of existing in the public eye. Over the span of act ivity of connection, the social request in addition to its guidelines societally affects every individual. In the event that residents face with a social blast, for example, bunch power, huge piece of them show expectedness by changing their practices, musings, choices in foreseen way. A being gets customary on the off chance that the person

Thursday, August 20, 2020


This…Is…BLODGEBALL! Note: Ill be doing a QA video with our very own Dean of Admissions, Stu Schmill, but we need your questions! Send anything and everything youve been dying to ask our head honcho to elizabizzle at mit dot edu. Not going to lie, folks. Being an admissions blogger is the bomb-dot-com I get to make silly videos, draw doodles, write my opinions and then have my self-esteem bolstered when pre-frosh recognize me at CPW  and then ask to give me hugs (side note: I love hugs and freely dole them out). And on top of all of that I make dat cash moneyz. So, you know, its an awesome gig. Now Im going to be even more self-absorbed and obnoxiously braggy and say that on top of all of that stuff, I even like some of the other bloggers and sometimes we get together and have blogger fun. The best kind of fun. And so when Snively  suggested that our annual beginning-of-the-year blogger get-together be held at SkyZone  (i.e. playing dodgeball on a court made of trampolines), I was all: Yep. Bloggers + Dodgeball = Blodgeball (credit to Emad). And far be it for me to deny an opportunity to violently throw balls at my co-workers, while jumping up and down like a 4-year-old. I realize that I could write a whole entry on how our team-building activity made me realize how each blogger brings a unique perspective to the site, how we are one diverse group whose members come together thanks to this one, unifying love of MIT, that no matter how different we are thats what makes us a great team, etc. Are you bored yet? Thought so. So I made a video instead. As we hopped into our respective car pool groups, I had my FlipCam a-rollin to document that sometimes its okay to go off the well-planned path (though not exactly in the way Jenny was describing). Heres for all you folks whove ever wondered what the bloggers are like in real life Feel free to hit me up with MIT questions as always (elizabizzle at mit dot edu), home-fries.

Sunday, May 24, 2020

The Affect of too much Advertising - 725 Words

If you think excessive advertising is harmless and affects no one, sadly, you are absolutely wrong. Advertising has many problems and negative effects on people and you are right to be annoyed by the waves of ads you are attacked by everyday. The problem I chose to explain is advertising targeting teens tweens, this affects people by draining them of money, priorities, and even their social obligations. However, you can solve this problem by educating yourself and being aware of all of the marketing techniques and ads that you, not just kids, are deluged with daily. One of the many media-related problems is the teen/tween market. The problem here is that marketers and, to a lesser extent, consumers are becoming obsessed with it. This is problematic because everyone is losing money for the wrong reasons. Billions of dollars are being spent to tell teens that their product is cool and to spend billions of their own and their parents money to buy those products. And it’s working . Marketers are exploiting teens’ developing, self-identifying stage in their life to take their money. For example, according to the informational text: â€Å"Just the Facts About Advertising and Marketing to Children† by Betsy Taylor, a typical child sees about 55 or more ads daily. Also, $13,000,000,000 of the $230,000,000,000 being spent to advertise, are used specifically for advertising food and drink to teens and tweens. This demonstrates the problem because advertisers are putting a plethora ofShow MoreRelatedSocial and Environmental Factors Causing Obesity in Children809 Words   |  3 Pageswill need to take in more calories than they use, as the extra energy taken are used for their growing up. However, regularly take in too much energy without doing enough physical activities will result the energy being stored as fat and they will put on excess weight. Children need a balanced diet in order to grow up healthily. Because of this, WHO banned the advertising of certain unhealthy food through media aimed primarily at children. They also assume that children can be influenced by many socialRead MoreSemiotics in Fashion Photography: Does It Affect Culture as Much as Culture Affects It?809 Words   |  4 PagesSemiotics in Fashion Photography: Does it affect culture as much as culture affects it? Introduction Fashion Photography has taken quite the belittling from the conventional world of photography. Where other forms of photography ‘naturally’ capture beauty, fashion photography is have said to be too meticulous in ‘setting up’ the photograph. .  Brookes states that, â€Å"fashion advertising, in particular, is seen as negating the purity of the photographic image.  We see the typical [in fashion photography]Read MoreThe Fashion : Unrealistic And Harmful Perceptions Of Beauty1500 Words   |  6 Pagesamerican girl, you would probably be feeling a little more insecure about yourself than when you first opened the magazine. You begin to realize everything that you wish you could look like and are stuck comparing yourself to images that are almost too impeccable to be true. 69% of american girls 5th - 12th grade feel that magazines influence their idea of a perfect body image. These pressures from fashion magazines cause women to have lower self confiden ce, an increase in cosmetic surgery, and aRead MoreThe Good and Bad Side of Advertising1657 Words   |  7 Pages Compare and Contrast the ‘Good’ and ‘Bad’ side of Advertising PLAN TITLE: Compare and contrast the ‘good’ side and ‘bad’ side of advertising. PATTERN: Block Format INTRODUCTION CONTEXT: Communal Issue SUBJECT: Advertisements LIMITED SUBJECT: ‘good’ and ‘bad’ side ISSUE: compare, contrast THESIS: It states the similarities and differences but in emphasis on ‘good’ and ‘bad’ side of advertising. Similarities- â€Å"Good† side of Advertising Paragraph 1: Creates deep impression. Example: Hyundai CommercialsRead MoreAdvertising And Its Affects On Children1090 Words   |  5 PagesAdvertising and its Affects on Children Advertising, for years, has been under criticism for the unethical messages they send out to, not only the public, but specifically young children. The effect of advertising on children’s minds is, and should be, a main concern for our country. According to Television Watching Statistics, kids in the U.S. watch an estimated 16,000 television commercials a year. Much deception can be cognitively consumed from that amount of advertising. Intense marketing affectsRead MoreAdvertisement as a Social Phenomenon953 Words   |  4 Pages Advertising is an important social phenomenon. Consumers are constantly confronted with advertisements in our daily lives. Seeing as how advertising is such a large chunk of our daily lives, it can be assumed that it will have an affect on not only us as individuals but our society as a whole. My question is â€Å"Are the affects doing more harmful than helpful?† As you yourself are a part of the body of consumers, you should take an interest in this. Think about this for a second, have you ever watchedRead MoreHow Do Trend in the Marketing Industry, Such as Integrated Marketing, Affect Advertising?1037 Words   |  5 Pages1. How do trend in the marketing industry, such as integrated marketing, affect advertising? Nowadays, there are too many trends in the marketing industry which we can see all over the places. These trends do not only give implication to the industry itself, it also affects the advertising field as well. Internet Marketing  is an all-inclusive term for marketing products and/or services online – and like many all-inclusive terms, Internet marketing means different things to differentRead MoreAdvertising Affects A Wide Variety1270 Words   |  6 PagesAdvertising is a concept all Americans have been exposed to in their lives. It is a normal component of life that affects Americans more than they are led to believe. Advertising is constantly evolving. Advertising has been forced to change to meet up with the changing of times. The price spent on advertising raises at a rapid rate each and every year. Moreover, the every increasing money spent on advertising shows that it is effective on reaching and influencing the American consumer. AdvertisingRead MoreThe Degenerative Influence of Advertising on Society Essay1563 Words   |  7 PagesAdvertising is designed to foster a desire to purchase goods and services, yet it is much deeper than that—advertising is a system of effective manipulation that twists the mentalities of those subjected to it. It shapes people’s views of the world and warps their connections to each other. Therefore, advertising not only shapes their personal values but also distorts them until their principles no longer come from within them. Thus, in my opinion, advertising, unless deeply rooted in high ethicalRead MoreHow Pricing Affects Consumer Purchasing1376 Words   |  6 PagesDiscuss how pricing affects consumer purchasing, particularly the purchasing trends of individual households. Describe how supply and demand, the market structure and the labor market affect pricing. Take into account the effect that advertising has on how much individuals are willing to pay for an i tem. Consider addressing the challenges that small businesses face when competing with larger companies. Numerous price approaches can be seen all over the place in the contemporary society. Whenever

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

In the Time of the Butterflies Analysis Free Essays

Analysis of Alvarez’s In the Time of the Butterflies In the Time of the Butterflies, written by Julia Alvarez, is the story of four sisters who take an emotional journey while becoming a symbol of hope in the corrupt Dominican Republic, as they seek to make a political revolution. Throughout the story, we dig deeper into each sister’s life and learn more about her individual traits. In the book, Alvarez makes the Mirabal sisters come alive throughout the book with her use of foreshadowing, detailed characterization, and selection of detail. We will write a custom essay sample on In the Time of the Butterflies Analysis or any similar topic only for you Order Now The more the reader journeys farther into the book, the more the aforementioned devices become of importance Throughout In the Time of the Butterflies Alvarez does an impressive job using selection of detail to create a strong mental image of the characters and setting for the reader. In the opening lines of Chapter One Dede describes the area of where she lives as the interview woman is coming over soon when she says, â€Å"The woman will never find the old house behind the edge of towering hibiscus at the bend of the dirt road† (3). By using visual imagery Alvarez gives a clear description of where the Mirabal sisters reside. The sisters live in the foothills of the tobacco fields, a very unpopulated area, which is hard to find as no street signs exist in the country. On the way home from Trujillo’s residence after the disastrous skit put on by the sisters Alvarez writes,  Ã¢â‚¬Å"As the road darkened, the beams of our headlights filled with hundreds of blinded moths. Where they hit the windshield, they left blurry marks, until it seemed like I was looking at the world through a curtain of tears† (29). Alvarez compares the blurry marks to a curtain of tears, giving the reader a sense of the somber mood in the car. Alvarez tells of the dismal mood because the sisters had let Sor Asuncion down, she was not happy they didn’t act as the ornaments of the nation as they were supposed to. Sor Asuncion was telling Patria to pray to the Virgencita for guidance in her future involving the church when Patria says, â€Å"And I prayed with her, a Hail Mary and an Our Father, and I tried hard but I could not keep my eyes from straying to the flame trees, their blossoms tumbling in the wind of the coming storm. (47). By using great detail the reader can almost imagine the flame trees swaying before them with their blossoms turning in front of their own eyes. The quote brings Patria’s character alive as well, giving the reader a look into one the key aspects of her life, religion. Selection of detail is just one of three literary devices used In the Time of the Butterflies that make s it an exciting book; it compels the reader to continue reading as the characters and scenery comes to life. Alvarez consistently uses the device of foreshadowing to drop subtle hints of what is to come later in the book. Dede was helping her father up the stairs after he had discussed their possible futures with them on a clear moonlit night, when Alvarez writes, â€Å"She realizes that her future is the only future he really told† (10). Referring to Dede, a possible storyline that is constant throughout the book is revealed by her father; she will be the only sister of the four to survive the revolution. Dede gives the interview women a quick tour of the house, and when walking down the hallway Alvarez describes it, â€Å"There are three pictures of the girls, old favorites that are now emblazoned on the posters every November, making these once intimate snapshots seem too famous to be the sisters she knew† (5). The same storyline is mentioned in the quote; three of the sisters have a picture on the wall, but Dede does not because she’s the only one still alive. With the sisters having pictures of them on the walls that were considered â€Å"old favorites† it foreshadows their deaths at the end of the book. Chapter four begins with Patria describing her childhood from the day she was born , â€Å"Even being born, I was coming out, hands first, as if reaching up for something† (44). This quote foreshadows Patria’s loving character that the reader discovers later in the book. Patria loves automatically and is naturally generous which is later shown with her early commitment in life to the church. In In the Time of the Butterflies foreshadowing lays the foundation for the rest of the book, which is vital for the reader to grasp. Alvarez uses detailed characterization to give the reader a clear idea of the characters personality as well as their physical appearance. Minerva begins chapter two by comparing herself, â€Å"Sometimes, watching the rabbits in their pens, I’d think, I’m no different from you, poor things† (11). She compares herself to a rabbit stuck in their pen; Minerva is living at home with her parents and cannot find a way to get out from their grasp. Alvarez gives a look into Minerva’s life being one of â€Å"Papa’s little girls† as well as being the second youngest of the four sisters, a tough situation to leave. In one of Mate’s earliest diary entries we get a look into her young mind, Mate writes, â€Å"I had such a time deciding between the patent leather and white leather for church today. I finally settled for the white pair as Mama picked those out for my first Communion, and I wanted her to feel that they were still my favorites† (36). This quote shows us how Mate is not yet involved in the complexities of the revolution and is more worried about what clothes she’s wearing, giving the reader insight into another sisters character. Before the volleyball game at Tio Pepe’s where Dede was looking to impress Lio, Alvarez writes, â€Å"She knows she looks especially good in her flowered shirtwaist and white sandal heals† (70). Referring to Dede, the quote reveals her self interest into her beauty, and her lack of interest in the revolution compared to her other three sisters. Detailed characterization helps give the reader a sense of what each sister is like, and helps them put the story of the Mirabal sisters into place. Alvarez uses the device of foreshadowing brilliantly to develop the plot that will come about later in the story. Alvarez utilizes detailed characterization to allow the reader to personalize the characters and distinguish the differences between the qualities of the four sisters. She uses selection of detail to describe characters, setting, and scenes throughout the book, thus allowing the reader to create a mental image of situations at hand. When putting the three literary devices together, it makes In the Time of the Butterflies a fascinating book that the reader doesn’t want to put down. Alvarez does a splendid job of using literary devices including foreshadowing, selection of detail, and detailed characterization to make the heroic story of the Mirabel sisters come alive. How to cite In the Time of the Butterflies Analysis, Essay examples

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Leadership In The Evolution Of Social Norm -

Question: Discuss about the Leadership In The Evolution Of Social Norm. Answer: Leadership is something that a person may not be born with but learn at the time. Leaders are the people who know their way, walk on that and motivate others to step on that path. Leadership comes from the attitude of the person to deal with the situation. This essay will discuss the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi. The essay will focus on leadership concept which Mahatma Gandhi has followed. This essay will illustrate the ethics; psychology related to Gandhi leadership. The essay will able to state the effect of leadership in the society. Mahatma Gandhi is known universally as the man of moral ethics and spiritual belief. He believed in the conduct of truth and non-violence. He is an example of a man that can make a difference and gave the message that strength does not come from physical being but an invincible will. The interior quality of his leadership style was his natural evolution through intense interaction with the public at the events. The ethics which he followed in his leadership were non- violence to fight with the injustice and exploitation (Rao 2015). He believed in the concept of Ahimsa which is associated with the compassion, tolerance, exploitation and forgiveness. The leadership ethics of Gandhi include a Right end with right mean, true religion, Yajna (Service and Sacrifice), Satyagraha and the deed, not the doer (Northouse 2015). The belief of Gandhi comprises of all the ethical traits of leadership like the motive to serve others, dignity and respect, Honesty and community building. The evolution of Gandhi as a leader began during his studies in South Africa. During his studies in South Africa, he supported the locals Indian communities for their civil rights. There are various stories related his evolution as the leader like during a session in the court; judge asked me to remove his turban to which he refused. There is a story that during his travel in train at Pietermaritzburg, he was asked to move to third class except having the ticket of the first class (Khera and Malik 2015). This refers to the Great man theory that leaders are born to lead, and in the situation of crisis these mean come forward and take their original palace. Gandhi has played an essential role in the Independence of India and carried a large number of movements from 1930 to 1940s. Gandhi became the leader of the INC (Indian National Congress) and supported the party in the in the freedom struggle. During this time he travelled to different parts of India and carried various moments like Champaran Satyagraha and Civil Disobedience movement. The multicultural leadership is acquired by giving respect to all religion around the world. Gandhi believes in the concept of Sarva Dharma Samabhava which means equal respect to all religion. Gandhi accumulated people of all religion during the time of independence. Gandhi believes in the concept of building bridges across the people of different linguistic and religious sentiments (Rich 2017). During his stay in England, he associated with theosophists and studied different scriptures of a different faith. The theory which he holds for religion illustrates that Religion is something having different roads meeting at the same point. This line can help us to understand his multicultural approach to the society (Rich 2017). Mahatma Gandhi has known well in some Western countries apart from the Asian countries. Leadership style which Mahatma Gandhi followed is a transformational leader. The transformational leader is the person who is inspirational, charismatic role model and trustworthy. Gandhi always used to explain things to the follower with an example. He used to relate himself to the life of the poor being himself from a wealthy family. Gandhi has a strong sense of vision of Independent India which guided him to process in making changes. Gandhi speech uses to make people feel powerful and confident to fight against injustice. Gandhi has the power to influence the people to believe in themselves and bring the change in the nation (Acemoglu and Jackson 2014). The leadership theories on which Gandhi believes were a win-win theory as his actions were marked by Patience, and belief in the truth. Gandhi has passive views on the acts of independence as he believed in the engagement of the people for their freedom. Gandhi leadership focuses on the spiritual, servant and ethical leadership. T he theories of the Gandhi focus on altruism, honesty, empathy, gratitude, humility, courage and fairness. The psychological factors which have helped Gandhi to develop as a leader are his spiritual belief. Gandhi was profoundly influenced by Bhagavad Gita. Gandhi thinking was profoundly influenced by the Jain philosophy of Anekantavada, which states there is one truth, constructed differently by wise men. Leadership traits of Gandhi involved mainly two factors Satya- that means honesty and Ahimsa which means non-violence (Pfstl 2016). The theory of Satya is associated with the psychological concept Psychoanalytic theory. Gandhi has given some statement which states his idea which he has for the society - if you want to see the change then you have to be the reason for change. Gandhi was able to understand the psychology of the people at the time of the independence, and for that he formulated strategy to mobilize the people and fight against the imperialism. Gandhi was one of the prominent leaders of the 20th century, and his leadership traits explain his habits of not tolerating any violence. Gandhi has played an important role in the independence of India. His leadership is known to people all around the world, and the concept of Ahimsa and Satya had influence people to follow the right path. This has helped him to become a successful leader with a different viewpoint. Reference Acemoglu, D. and Jackson, M.O., 2014. History, expectations, and leadership in the evolution of social norms.The Review of Economic Studies,82(2), pp.423-456. Khera, S.N. and Malik, S., 2015. Book Review: Keshavan Nair, Higher Standard of LeadershipLessons from the Life of Gandhi. Klausen, J.C., 2014. Economies of violence: the Bhagavadg?t? and the fostering of life in Gandhi's and Ghose's anticolonial theories.American Political Science Review,108(1), pp.182-195. Northouse, P.G., 2015.Leadership: Theory and practice. Sage publications. Pfstl, E. ed., 2016.Between Ethics and Politics: New Essays on Gandhi. Routledge. Rao, A., 2015. Leela Gandhi. The Common Cause: Postcolonial Ethics and the Practice of Democracy, 19001955. Rich, G.J., 2017. 16 The impact of early multicultural experience on later creative leadership.Leadership and Change Management: A Cross-Cultural Perspective, p.120. Van Dessel, P., Ye, Y. and De Houwer, J., 2018. Changing deep-rooted implicit evaluation in the blink of an eye: Negative verbal information shifts automatic liking of Gandhi.Social Psychological and Personality Science.